Dr Ashish Agrawal

Thyroid & Its causes - Best Diabetes Doctor

What is Thyroid & Its Signs

As per the best diabetes doctor, the thyroid basically develops and manufactures hormones that are involved in numerous bodily processes. Thyroid disease is characterized by the overproduction or underproduction of these critical hormones. It comes in a variety of forms, such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

What is Thyroid?

The thyroid is a little gland located around the windpipe (trachea), close to the front of the neck. It has two broad wings that wrap around the side of your throat and is shaped like a butterfly with a smaller center. The body has glands that manufacture and release substances to support different bodily activities. Your thyroid produces hormones that assist in regulating a number of important bodily processes as per the view of the best diabetes doctor.

The entire body may be affected if the thyroid isn’t functioning properly. Hyperthyroidism is a disorder that can occur if your body produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. 

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body produces insufficient thyroid hormone. Both illnesses are dangerous and require medical attention from the best diabetes doctor.

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Who is a high risk of developing Thyroid Disease?

Thyroid disease can affect anyone, including men, women, children, teenagers, and the elderly. It could develop as you get older or it might be present from birth (typically hypothyroidism) (often after menopause in women).

Thyroid disease is relatively common, with an estimated 20 million Americans likely to have some sort of thyroid dysfunction. There are roughly five to eight times as many women as men who will experience thyroid issues.

You could be more likely to get a thyroid problem if you:

  • Thyroid Problem in the Family.
  • Have a health issue (these can include Sjögren’s syndrome, Turner syndrome, Type 1 diabetes, primary adrenal insufficiency, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis).
  • The use of iodine-rich medications (amiodarone).
  • Age Group of 60 years older particularly in women.
  • Have received therapy for a thyroid disorder or cancer in the previous.

Causes Of Thyroid Disease?

The two primary forms of thyroid illness are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Other illnesses that impair the thyroid gland’s functions can cause both issues.

The following conditions can cause hypothyroidism

  • Thyroiditis: As per the best diabetes doctor this condition causes the thyroid gland to inflame and enlarge. Thyroiditis might decrease your thyroid’s capacity to produce hormones.
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: – It is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid is attacked and damaged by the body’s cells. It is not painful.
  • Postpartum thyroiditis: After giving delivery, between 5% and 9% of women have postpartum thyroiditis. It usually only lasts a brief period of time.
  • Lack of iodine: The thyroid requires iodine to produce hormones. Iodine insufficiency is a problem that affects several million individuals globally as per the view of the best diabetes doctor.
  • A thyroid gland that isn’t working properly: Sometimes, the thyroid gland isn’t functioning properly from birth. This affects around 1 in 4,000 neonates. The youngster may have physical and mental problems in the future if it is untreated. All newborns are given a screening blood test in the hospital to examine their thyroid function. This test is performed by the best diabetes doctor.
Causes of Thyroid - Best Diabetes Doctor

The following conditions can result in hyperthyroidism:

  • Graves’ disease: In this disorder, the thyroid gland may be overactive and produce excessive levels of hormones. This problem is also known as widespread toxic goiter (enlarged thyroid gland).
  • Nodules: Hyperthyroidism may be caused by thyroid nodules that are too active. A toxic multi-nodular thyroid nodule is a goiter with multiple nodules, whereas a toxic autonomously functioning thyroid nodule is one nodule.
  • Thyroiditis: This illness may or may not be painful. When the thyroid has thyroiditis, hormones that were stored there are released. This could go on for a few weeks or months.

Symptoms of Thyroid Diseases – Best Diabetes Doctor

Any number of symptoms could be present if you have thyroid illness. Unfortunately, the signs of thyroid disease frequently resemble those of other conditions and life stages. It may be challenging to distinguish between a thyroid issue and other possible explanations of the symptoms as a result.

The bulk of thyroid disease symptoms fall into one of two categories: those associated with hyperthyroidism (excess thyroid hormone) and those associated with hypothyroidism (insufficient thyroid hormone) (hypothyroidism)

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) symptoms might include:

  • Experiencing nervousness, irritation, and anxiety.
  • Unable to fall asleep.
  • Losing weight.
  • Having an enlarged thyroid gland.
  • Having weakness in the muscles
  • Irregular menstrual cycles or a cessation of your monthly cycle
  • Feeling heat-sensitive.
  • Having visual issues or irritated eyes.

The following are examples of hypothyroidism symptoms:

  • Feeling Fatigue
  • Gaining weight
  • Having memory loss.
  • Heavy menstrual cycles.
  • Having coarse, and dry hair.
  • Having a sensitivity to chilly temperatures.
Functions of Thyroid Gland - Best Diabetes Doctor

Functions of Thyroid Gland

The best diabetes doctor says that an organ with a butterfly form at the base of your neck is the thyroid gland. It is an essential hormone gland that has a big impact on the body’s growth, metabolism, and development. It helps to regulate a number of body processes by releasing thyroid hormones into the bloodstream on a regular basis. It aids in the regulation of numerous bodily processes. The thyroid gland increases the number of hormones it produces when the body requires extra energy, such as during pregnancy or in a cold area. The following are the vital bodily processes that the thyroid regulates:

  • Breathing 
  • Body Weight
  • A heartbeat
  • Nervous systems, both central and peripheral
  • Muscle strength
  • Period cycles
  • Temp. of the body
  • Amounts of cholesterol.

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