As per the best diabetes specialist in Chhattisgarh Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body is unable to effectively use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. This leads to high blood sugar levels and a range of associated complications, including heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and blindness.
Type 2 diabetes is typically caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as being overweight or obese, having a sedentary lifestyle, and eating an unhealthy diet as per the view of a diabetes specialist in Chhattisgarh. It is typically treated with a combination of lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, and medication.
Effects of Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetes Specialist in Chhattisgarh
Type 2 Diabetes can increase the risk of several other diseases and health conditions. Some of the most commonly associated diseases explained by the diabetes specialist in Chhattisgarh include:
- Cardiovascular disease: People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular conditions. This is due to the high levels of sugar in the blood, which can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of blood clots.
- Nephropathy: Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to a condition called diabetic nephropathy. This can lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis or a transplant.
- Neuropathy: High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves, leading to numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet. This is known as diabetic neuropathy.
- Retinopathy: Diabetes can also damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to diabetic retinopathy. This can cause vision loss and blindness.
- Foot complications: Diabetes can cause poor circulation, which can lead to foot problems such as ulcers and infections. These can be difficult to heal and may lead to amputation in severe cases.
Overall, Type 2 diabetes can lead to many other serious health conditions and it is important to manage the disease through a healthy diet, regular exercise, and medication if necessary.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
- Genetics: Type 2 diabetes has a strong genetic component. The best diabetes specialist in Chhattisgarh says it is more common in certain ethnic groups such as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and Asian Americans.
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Obesity causes the body to become resistant to insulin, making it harder for glucose to enter cells.
- Lack of physical activity: People who are inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps to lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.
- Poor diet: A diet high in processed foods, sugar, and saturated fat can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
- Age: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as people age, especially after age 45.
- High blood pressure: People with high blood pressure are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Women with PCOS are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Pancreatic dysfunction: People with pancreatic dysfunction may not produce enough insulin, which can lead to type 2 diabetes.
- Sleep apnea: People with sleep apnea are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Certain medications: Certain medications, such as glucocorticoids, may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.