There are Four main types of diabetes –Type 1, Type 2, Prediabetes, andGestational.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. It is an autoimmune disorder and a chronic condition in which the immune system of the human body destroys the insulin making cells known as pancreas. These cells are also called as beta cells.
Type 2 diabetes is known as adult onset diabetes because this type of diabetes usually occurs at the age of 45 or older. It is basically a most common type of diabetes in which the blood glucose is too high.
Prediabetes is also known as borderline diabetes. In prediabetes it means the sugar level is higher than normal. But it is not enough to consider it as Diabetes. It is a type of diabetes which occurs before type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can develop in women at the time of pregnancy. In this type of diabetes the blood sugar level becomes high than normal during pregnancy. It can cause a variety of health problems in both the mother and the child.