Dr Ashish Agrawal

Different Types of Diabetes

There are Four main types of diabetes – type 1, type 2 , Prediabetes, gestational.

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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the pancreas. When enough of these cells are destroyed, the body can no longer produce insulin, and glucose starts building up in the blood.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

The most common form of diabetes is type 2. With Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas keeps making insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it. That means the insulin gradually stops working, and glucose starts to accumulate in your bloodstream over time.

Prediabetes

Prediabetes

If your glucose numbers are higher than normal, you may be diagnosed with prediabetes. This means that your body is becoming resistant to insulin, and is growing less efficient at removing sugar from the blood and converting it into energy.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Up to 10% of pregnant women may develop gestational diabetes, a condition which causes glucose levels to rise during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed through routine screening.

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